What is Mesothelium?

The free dictionary defines Mesothelium as follows:

[mez″o-the´le-um]

Mesothelium is the layer of flat cells, derived from the mesoderm, that lines the body cavity of the embryo.

Malignant mesothelioma is a cancer that starts in cells in the linings of certain parts of the body, especially in the linings of the chest or abdomen.

Mesothelium

Mesothelium cells are actually known as mesothelial cells. These cells line on the inside of the chest, the abdomen, and the space around your heart. These cells also cover the outer surface of most of your internal organs. The lining formed by these cells is called the mesothelium.

The mesothelium is vital in that it helps protect your organs by making a special lubricating fluid that allows organs to move around.  The Mesothelium fluid helps protect your organs by making a special lubricating fluid that allows organs to move against each other without friction. This fluid makes it easier for organs like the lungs to move, that is expand and contract inside the chest when one breathes

The Mesothelium has different names in different parts of the body:


  • The peritoneum is the mesothelial tissue that covers most of the organs in the abdominal cavity. 
  • The pleura is the membrane that surrounds the lungs and lines the wall of the chest cavity. This is also called thoracic cavity. 

 

More Mesothelium has different names...

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